What are the pros and cons of DREAM Act? The DREAM Act is a controversial legislative proposal first introduced by the American Senate in 2001, although it was reintroduced in May 2011. DREAM is an acronym for Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors and the bill is designed to provide conditional residency for a minority of illegal immigrants who arrived in the US as minors, who are of good moral character, who graduate from US high schools, and who have been resident in the US for at least five years prior to the Act.
Since it was first introduced in 2001, the DREAM act has met with a great deal of resistance from certain quarters of the Senate as many believe that it will only serve to encourage even higher levels of illegal immigration. However, other senators in favor of the bill think the DREAM act will help to boost the US economy in a variety of different ways, so when all factors are considered, what are the pros and cons of DREAM Act?
What are the pros of the DREAM Act?
1. The DREAM Act could help millions of illegal immigrants obtain legal status in the United States, which in turn will boost the economy through increased levels of taxable income.
2. As well as graduation from high school, the DREAM Act also gives illegal immigrants who enlist in the armed forces for a minimum of two years the chance to qualify for conditional status. This will significantly help with the current crisis in US military enlistment.
3. Qualifying immigrants can apply for student loans and work study grants, which helps them to improve their future prospects.
4. The DREAM Act would help to keep immigrant students in the education system: at the moment, the dropout levels amongst non-US born students are very high.
5. It provides a ray of hope for the children of millions illegal immigrants who were brought to the US against their will.
What are the cons of the DREAM Act?
1. Once an illegal immigrant has applied for conditional residency under the DREAM Act, they have an amnesty until their application has been assessed, which means they cannot be deported until the application has been resolved.
2. The DREAM Act is very unpopular with certain sections of the US population as they feel that it rewards illegal immigration.
3. Just because an illegal immigrant is granted conditional residency status, they are not obliged to learn the language proficiently or assimilate into the American way of life.
4. Many US students feel that it is unfair to give immigrant people the opportunity to go to college by removing some of the standards US born students have to meet in order to be able to apply for a college place.
5. Opponents of the DREAM Act believe that it will encourage chain migration and further illegal immigration as millions more immigrants come to the US in the hope of gaining legal residency for their children.